Recent research has proved how dangerous could be the soil carbon which always fuels the dramatic effects of climate change. The study has shown that approximately 55 trillion kilograms of carbon from the ground could be expelled into the atmosphere as greenhouse gasses like methane or carbon dioxide. These dangerous gasses fuel the outrageous effects of climate change.
If authorities do not think about a solution to eradicate the dangers brought by these greenhouse gasses, then they could completely harm our planet, becoming a dangerous phenomenon by mid-century. Tom Crowther, the ecologist who led this study, has published the new research in Nature magazine, the December issue. These findings did not surprise researchers who were already familiar with the devastating effects of global warming on the soil.
The massive amount of carbon is stored in the ground for decades. Many scientific trials have shown that the storage capacity of the carbon is influenced by the rising temperatures. During his investigation, Crowther needed the help of a lot of scientists who were specialists in the field. They were able to collect data from 49 different experiments from the 80s in Germany, France, China, Japan, Canada and the United States.
The amount of carbon which was estimated by experts to be gradually released in the atmosphere will probably equal the emissions of an industrialized country like the United States. The gas discharge would constitute the accelerated development of a natural process. Scientists have proved that currently, manmade processes determine 17% fewer emissions than the threat of global warming.
Based on the research of Crowther, the most significant damage generated by the soil carbon which could transform into greenhouse gasses could be registered to happen in the arctic area. He also stated that this particular location was left out of the several investigations he had previously analyzed and considered when writing his. The increase of temperatures may be considered the most suitable fuel for the emission of greenhouse gasses, accelerating the underground activity.
Specialists have revealed an allowance of additional gas emissions which was registered to oscillate between 12% and 17% of carbon dioxide emissions. A dramatic consequence of these emissions would be unrestricted immigration. This outcome will most likely affect the areas where poor communities are linked to the land. What is more, the risk of accelerated increase of sea levels will appear.
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