Scientists have argued that the development of silicon-made lifeforms will soon be possible. A new study has proved that natural organisms are capable of determining bonds between silicon and carbon. Specialists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in San Diego have created a new form of bacterial protein known as cytochrome c.
This microbe is usually present in Icelandic hot springs being able to generate synthetic bonds between carbon and silicon. Thus, scientists came to realize that silicon-based life is not far from becoming a reality. Jennifer Kan, who is the lead author of this study, has argued that there were not yet discovered living microbes which would be able to develop silicon-carbon bonds, even if silicon could be found in so many forms, on the beaches or in rocks.
Kan together with her team managed to mutate the DNA of enzymes until they reached to have the suitable hallmark. This typical characteristic refers to an evolved biological function better than the previously evolved enzymes. The study has demonstrated the new process was entitled directed evolution and it was presented by Frances Arnold. She is a Caltech chemical engineering, biochemistry and bioengineering professor, also being the principal investigator of the research.
Arnold worked on developing a new breed of a race horse. This process determines the breeder to acknowledge the inbuilt ability of a horse to evolve into a racer. The scientist also claimed that a breeder needs to assure that the breed was transmitted to next generations. Arnold is trustful, arguing that it depends on nature whether the possibility of producing silicon-made lifeforms will be available in the feature.
However, because this research analyzed breeding, this could mean that there is a chance for new beings made out of silicon to be developed. She further explained that the new study is supposed to demonstrate the fast pace which is followed by nature when struggling to accommodate to brand new challenges.
The catalytic structure of a cell which encodes DNA can rapidly determine a manner to stimulate new chemical reactions when new reactants are provided together with the suitable artificial selection encouragement. Humans are not even aware of the spectacular forces and capabilities detained by nature which had always displayed a massive will and strength to adapt to almost any environment. Scientists only need to give nature a boost to follow another course.
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