Recent research in neurosciences has uncovered that hallucinations are linked to brain formation. It would seem that subtle difference in the front lob’s structure could be decisive in determining whether a patient is prone to developing schizophrenia.
Remember those movies where the main character had to undergo extensive brain surgery? And the doctor that kept telling him: “we have to extra careful! A little to the right and you will not be able to move your eyes and a little to the left and you won’t be able to utter another word all your life.” Apart from the somewhat theatrical context, it would seem that doctor was correct, so some extent.
Near our front lobe there is a formation called the paracingulate sulcus. While remaining somewhat of an enigma of neurobiology, it would seems that the corpus plays a major role in determining whether the patient is prone to future schizophrenia or not. The paracingulate sulcus presents itself in the form of a wrinkle.
According to new research papers on the subject, it would seem that a subtle variance in PCS structure could increase the patient’s risk of developing schizophrenia with almost 20 percent.
Neurobiologists explains that the PCS folds are the last be formed in the brain, before we are born. Hence the difference in folding structures. In order to get comprehensible results, the team of researchers analyzed the results of MRI scan from over 153 cases. Each of the patients have been diagnosed with schizophrenia, exhibiting both auditory and visual hallucinations.
Upon taking a closer look at the scans, the scientists have discovered that in each case, the PCS was shorter by one centimeter. I would seem, that even a small variance in brain anatomy could increase the patient’s chance of developing auditory and visual hallucinations, mainly attributed to the onset of schizophrenia.
While schizophrenia is not a common mental disorder, it is nevertheless ravaging. Patients suffering from this form of mental disease are unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. Also, social isolation seem to be a sign formally associated with the onset of schizophrenia.
No one knows for sure what actually causes schizophrenia, but there are a couple of theories out there that link schizophrenia to a couple backgrounds. It would seem that the most plausible causes that trigger schizophrenia seem to be related to genetics, environmental changes and high levels of stress. Other factors that contribute to the development of schizophrenia are drug abuse and certain development parameters such as contracted infections, hypoxia or malnutrition.
Image source: www.wikimedia.org