According to a team of scientists, the tropics have been long affected by the global warming phenomenon, mostly because their average temperatures were not as irregular as in Europe or the Americas.
Researchers from the Australian Research Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science have recently found that not only they found hints of global warming in the tropics in the 1960s, but clear signs of the phenomenon wee visible in Australia, Indonesia and Africa as early as the 1940s.
Mild deviations of the average temperatures in the tropics occurred as early as the 1940s. The scientists consider these slight changes the first indicator of the infamous phenomenon known as global warming. However, in the 1980s the average temperatures in these regions began to reach extremes.
According to the team of scientists, the central and Eastern coast states of the Continental United States have not suffered from the increasing temperatures as much as the states from the west. However, in the next decade they will likely manifest clear signs of warming.
In the study paper, the team also wrote their predictions on where these increasingly warming temperatures will take place in the coming years. They said that the first clear signals of global warming will come in the form of heavy precipitation phenomena in Russian Federation, Northern Europe, and Canada. These changes will occurr over the next three decades.
The author of the study, Dr. Ed Hawkings, declared that the simulations at the University of Reading showed that global warming initiated in the 1940s in Indonesia and Africa. In order to do this, the scientists analyzed deviations in average temperatures and extreme temperatures from the area.
The team’s findings predicted which will be the most vulnerable regions on the planet. Russia and Canada will especially be affected by the extreme precipitation events that are to come. The biggest changes will be seen in winters, which will show less signs of snow and more raining.
The research comes in time with Pope Francis’ visit at the White House earlier this week, where he had meet President Barack Obama and discussed their plan to fight global warming. The Pope has lauded President Obama for taking action against the issue by reducing air pollution in the United States.
Other than the overall 1.5 C degree global increase in temperature, Europe has started to see their largest mountain chain – the Alps – slowly retreating their ice glaciers.
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