Researchers argue that a particular exercising may help you delay the aging process, making you healthier and helping you live longer. Working out regularly can help people stay in shape, preserving the sleep pattern, boosting the mood and even protecting people against illnesses. New research has unveiled that a particular type of exercise may help people reverse or delay unwanted signs of aging.
The exercise is called high-intensity interval training (HIIT). The main idea is that instead of running on a treadmill for several miles, you can alternate between lower-intensity exercise and all-out exercise during high-intensity interval training which can help you increase your heart rate and lose weight faster.
The new study was published on March 7th in the Cell Metabolism magazine. Researchers unveiled that if people introduce exercises like HIIT in aerobic exercises like walking and biking, the cells’ ability to generate more proteins within mitochondria and ribosomes may be revived. Thus, aging is delayed at a cellular level. Sreekumaran Nair, a medical doctor and diabetes researcher at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, stated that nothing compares to the efficiency obtained after these exercise programs when it comes to detaining the aging process.
These results cannot be obtained by any treatment, drug or medicine. When developing the study, researchers surveyed 36 men and 36 women who were part of a younger group. They have also included in the survey some senior participants who represented the older group. Each group got a different set of exercises. They were either assigned a high-intensity interval biking, a regimen which mixed HIIT and strength training, or strength training with weights.
The next step in the study was to biopsied participants’ thigh muscles. Then, researchers compared their molecular structure with those of sedentary participants. Specialists examined the lean muscle mass of participants and insulin sensitivity. The insulin sensitivity is a marker for type 2 diabetes. Researchers revealed that strength training helped muscle building.
Nevertheless, the younger group which was assigned to do HIIT exercises indicated a 49% increase in mitochondrial capacity. The older group showed a 69% increase. Thus, HIIT was unveiled to help at reducing insulin sensitivity. However, HIIT proved to not be helpful in building muscle. In this way, researchers discovered that a mix of strength training and HIIT offer the most benefits.
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