According to the new surgical guidelines posted by the American Diabetes Association, patients with diabetes that underwent surgery for diabetes induced complication should be treated with basal insulin rather than sliding-scale insulin. Basal Insulin recommended in diabetes treatment is a far better alternative to oral agents that have been known to produce life-threatening side effects.
Diabetes mellitus, refers to a certain metabolic condition in which the patient’s blood sugar reaches high levels. Usually this occurs because the live cannot produce sufficient insulin or, as recent studies point out, the cells in our body either reject or don’t respond to insulin.
So, how do you find out if you have diabetes? The traditional symptoms associated with diabetes mellitus are polyuria (meaning that you urinate more often), polydipsia (you are very thirsty all the time and tend to drink large quantities of water) and polyphagia (body’s nutritional requirements are higher than usual). To cap it up, the symptoms are polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia.
According to medical literature on metabolic diseases, diabetes can be categorized into three major types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.
In type one diabetes, your live is unable to produce insulin, hence its surname of insulin-dependent diabetes. Patients diagnosed with this form of diabetes have to take regular doses of insulin for the rest of their life. Also, they must be careful to measure their blood sugar with a special device named glucometer. A special diet is also employed in order to keep the level of blood sugar in check.
Patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can suffer severe complications such as heart and blood vessel diseases (angina, atherosclerosis), neuropathy, nephropathy, bacterial and fungal infections of skin and month, pregnancy issues and retinopathy.
Type 2 diabetes is when your body does not produce enough insulin or your cells develop what it’s called insulin resistance. Statistics reveal that approximately 90 percent of diabetes cases are type two. This kind of diabetes is a progressive disease, worsening over the course of time. Physicians have been able to keep type 2 in check with IV insulin and oral insulin.
As for the other type of diabetes, it can occur sometime during pregnancy due to the body’s high level of blood sugar.
Basal insulin recommended in diabetes treatment because oral agents used in therapy do not allow rapid correction of the glycemic levels.
ADA said that the normal level of blood sugar for someone who doesn’t suffer from diabetes is between 70 and 140, 101-200 from those suspected of diabetes. As for those who have type one diabetes, the nominal values are between 123 and 200. Type 2 registers the same nominal values as type 1.
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