During 2010 and 2015, the Center for Disease Control has reported approximately 43 cases of patients with antibiotic-resistant superbug named Phantom Menace by the researchers. The Phantom Menace strikes back and it would seem that the bacteria is capable of clawing its way through everything.
The superstar bacteria that seems to bask in the all of the medical spotlights is considered by the CDC to be something coming out of a nightmare. The actual name of the Phantom Menace is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. The definition does not include a single bacteria, but whole strains of bacteria that are immune to the carbapenem class of antibiotics.
The main reason why these bacteria are so hated and sought after is because there are virtually impervious to any kind of antibiotic out there. Moreover, it would seem that the infection with this strain of bacteria can elevate the risk of death.
Thomas Frieden, CDC’s director, declared that this type of bacteria is a nightmare for all medical examiners because it is very hard to find. The bacteria make a habit out of playing hide-and-seek with their executioners. But the main issue is not finding the bacteria itself, but treating it.
Conventional methods of treatment seem to yield no result against the Phantom Menace. And it would seem that the infection rates are on the move. According to CDC’s reports, only one case was registered in 2011. In the following years, the infections beginning to spike, CDC reporting approximately 11 new cases each year.
More on the rampaging bacteria. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae is defined by the medical literature as being a Gram-negative bacteria that is virtually impervious to the carbapenem class of antibiotics. The situation is even direr than it would seem due to the fact that the carbapenem antibiotics are considered to be the last line of defense against infections.
Statistically speaking, the bacteria is capable of killing more than half of the patients that develop bloodstream infections. According to some reports, it would seem that hospitals are considered to be the bacteria’s favorite nesting ground. More than 75 percent of cases that came down with this infection got it from a hospital ward.
Another trait that makes this strain of bacteria so feared is because of its capacity to activate other dormant bacteria in our body. Moreover, the bacteria even have the capacity to transmit its antibiotic resistance trait to its sleeping siblings, ensuring that no corner is left unturned.
As of now, scientists are struggling to come up with other ways to destroy these strain on bacteria.