Less and less American women are diagnosed with cervical cancer or are diagnosed in the early stages, but cervical cancer still claims too many lives ever year. Because January is the Cervical Cancer Awareness Month, here is what you need to know about cervical cancer.
Every year approximately 13,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer. Most of the cases are diagnosed in the early stages and the women are cured of it entirely. Around the world though, 500,000 women are diagnosed with this type of cancer and half of the cases lead to death.
There are more types of cervical cancer, but all of them attack the glands and the fibrous tissue of the cervix, which is found at the bottom of the uterus. The cervical cancer usually spreads to other parts of the body as well. The more advanced screenings of our times are able to detect the cancer while it is still in the precancerous phase. This is the reason why so many people are cured nowadays of cervical cancer.
One of the biggest issues is that in the early stages, no symptoms appear. Symptoms of a malignancy can include pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding and pain during sexual contact. The bleedings after sexual contact are not always a sign of cancer though. Symptoms of a more advanced cervical cancer include weight loss, loss of appetite, bone fractures, pelvic pain, back pain, swollen legs and heavy vaginal bleeding.
Most of the cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus infection. But there are also a lot of people infected with HPV, who never develop this form of cancer. There are some factors that increase the chances of HPV infections like birth control pills, a high number of sexual partners, weak immune system and sex at a young age.
There are some HPV vaccines that can protect the people against this virus and even against the cervical cancer. In order to prevent the infection, doctors recommend the use of condoms, a small number of sexual partners and regular Pap smears. The cervical cancer can be treated with the help of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery.
Worldwide, cervical cancer is the fourth cause of death in women. In the poor countries, cervical cancer is the most common death cause for women. In the developed countries, the screenings are more advanced and the cervical cancer cases have decreased considerably.
This is what you need to know about cervical cancer, and if you have experienced any of the symptoms described here make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible.
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