According to the ‘State of the Climate 2014’ report of the American Meteorological Society, 2014 was the warmest year on record.
Far from being alarmist, the report crunches data obtained from 58 countries and recorded by 413 scientific teams worldwide. The findings indicate that ocean temperatures have increased considerably, as have land temperatures, sea levels increased as well and greenhouse gas emissions are shifting concentration in the Earth’s atmosphere.
The report was compiled by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Center for Weather and Climate. As some have described it, the ‘State of the Climate 2014’ is similar to a full diagnose when visiting a physician, only this time the patient is the Earth undergoing rapid climate change.
The data was gathered based on global climate markers, including specific weather events, monitoring greenhouse gas emissions, atmosphere temperatures, as well as land and ocean. Cloud cover, ocean salinity, snow cover, the extent of sea ice and monitoring sea levels are just a few of the markers measured by independent scientific teams.
Overall, temperatures have increased in 2014 from the atmosphere to the depths of the ocean, causing a chain of events to follow. The global increase, confirmed by other independent studies was of 0.88 degrees Celsius since 1880 levels.
Greenhouse gases atmospheric concentration also increased from 354 parts per million in 1990 to 397.2 parts per million globally in 2014.
According to Peter Thorne, professor at Maynooth University and editor of the ‘State of the Climate 2014’ report:
“The 2014 report confirms yet again that we live in a world undergoing rapid climate change. The numbers are in and there is no room for reasonable doubt that the climate system continues to warm with record high sea levels, record ocean heat content and record warm sea surface temperatures”.
A few picks from the ‘State of the Climate 2014’ report, presented on the NOAA website conclude that greenhouse gases concentration climbed once more to record levels. Global temperatures in the atmosphere, ocean and land experienced the same spike, making 2014 the warmest year on record.
The Arctic and the Antarctic alike have registered record warm temperatures, with the Antarctic also registering record low temperatures as well. Tropical cyclones also occurred at a higher rate than before.
Regarding the record temperatures, Europe recorded the warmest year in 2014. 20 European states recorded temperatures that surpassed previous records. In Africa, the above-average temperatures were spread across the continent, while Australia also recorded 2014 as the third warmest year.
Ocean temperature increased to record levels due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentration. Oceans act as trapping mechanisms for 90 percent of the heat in the Earth’s atmosphere.
The report is available online as the Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.
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