Specialists indicated that psychedelic drugs determine a higher level of consciousness. Back in the 1960s, psychedelic drugs like psilocybin and LSD were referred to as ‘enlightenment’ drugs which were able to induce a higher level of consciousness to its users. Today, on the 74th anniversary of the world’s first psychedelic trip, researchers confirmed that these drugs are responsible for inducing an evolved level of self-awareness after they determined some measurements with the help of the neural signal diversity.
Psychedelic drugs can trigger trips which provide a higher level of self-awarness
Neural signal diversity is known as a measure to establish the complex activity of a brain, by providing a mathematical index which is related to the level of a person’s consciousness. Even if scientists have previously demonstrated that those who are awake have a more complex neural activity compared the users who are in a vegetative state or who even fall asleep.
This is known to be the first time when scientists have examined a mathematical index of neural activity higher than the average one. Anil Seth, a researcher at the University of Sussex and the co-author of this study, indicated that the new findings prove that the brain on psychedelic drugs behaves extremely different than usual. During that state, the brain’s electrical activity is less integrated and even less predictable compared to a person’s normal state. To establish this, researchers used the ‘global signal diversity.’
Participants in the study revealed that they had a distorted perception of reality
This particular measure has suggested its value as being a measure of the conscious level. Thus, the psychedelic state reached to reveal a higher state of self-awareness than the normal one. When developing the new study, researchers focused on three different psychedelic drugs like psilocybin, ketamine, and LSD. The lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was given to 15 healthy participants. Other 19 subjects received ketamine while 14 other people got psilocybin.
After accounting for placebo effects, scientists unveiled that under the influence of the drugs, patients indicated they had more random brain activity than before. This brain activity was associated with sensations and thoughts. Participants confessed that they had a distorted perception of reality and of time. For them, reality looked different, feeling like they were mixing with things surround them.
Nevertheless, the neural activity did not suggest that the psychedelic state is desirable or better state of consciousness, but a different one from the normal one which we all experience.
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