Some inexplicable cosmic phenomena have determined scientists to wonder what those cosmic objects are and how did they formed. The cosmic mass has blasted in a bright shower of X-rays. That could be a new type of astronomical phenomena. Scientists have noticed that the brightness of these X-rays intensified a hundred times more in approximately a minute when they flare up. After the X-rays’ blast, the light returns to its previous light intensity. Jimmy Irwin, a professor at the University of Alabama, has argued that he never witnessed a spectacular event like this one before.
Along the years, when analyzing outer space phenomena, astronomers have met all sorts of stressful situations, but they have never come across this X-rays’ eruptions. There also other cosmic objects which can create this type of explosions, called ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs). They usually emerge from neutron stars or black holes. However, the new cosmic phenomena discovered by researchers have raised many questions because no one has seen such a bright emission which appears to be hundreds of thousands of times shinier than the usual ULXs.
These spectacular eruptions of ultrabright light have amazed all astronomers. Peter Maksym, who is a co-author of this study, being also a professor at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, has argued that one of the sources which powered these bright cosmic phenomena was categorized as the brightness ULX that was ever revealed in an elliptical galaxy.
After a few studies and analysis, astronomers have reached the conclusion that this X-ray eruption resembles a magnetar. The magnetar represents the powerful magnetic field situated around a young neutron star. Magnetars usually emit X-ray’s flare up. Nevertheless, the cosmic phenomena recently discovered by astronomers do not represent a magnetar. The new astronomical objects appear to be near elliptical galaxies which only comprise old stars. In between eruptions, these cosmic phenomena seem to be much brighter than magnetars.
In 2005, researchers saw some similar astronomical objects, but they were not emitting such a bright light like these do now. But they decided to analyze these mysterious X-rays eruptions. After analyzing data gathered in 1999 by the European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton Observatory and NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, they have unveiled two more similar cosmic events. One of them was situated outside Centaurus A, and the other one was part of a globular cluster of stars located near NGC 4636.
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