India is the last leading economic nation to join the global climate pact. The second most populous country in the world is pledging to decrease its carbon emissions and also increase the percentage of electricity produced through alternative sources by 40% in the next couple of decades.
The world’s third largest economy after China and the United States is also the third’s largest carbon polluter in the world. The country filed their climate intervention plan in Germany this week at the United Nations climate secretariat.
Last week it was the deadline for pledges for the conference in Paris from December where governments from all over the world are supposed to find solutions to combat the climate change.
The Indian government’s submission was a 38 page file that cited Mohandas K. Gandhi, who is also an enthusiastic environmentalist. The Indian government wrote about their plans to trim down emissions by 35% by 2013. According to the file, the country has aready decreased their carbon emissions by 12% since the year 2005.
Prakash Javadekar, India’s Environment Minister said that all of the country’s actions will be cleaner than they were earlier and that by 2030 the country will be considerably fresher. The Minister mentioned that the Indian culture is highly respectful with nature.
Although the Indian economy will grow at a slower rate because of this goal, the carbon emissions will drop considerably.
Just like China and many other countries from Asia, India develops economically at an unprecedented rate. The government said that they estimated more than half of their country to be built in the next two decades. Prime Minister Narendra Modi promised that manufacturing will be an important part of the country’s economy in the couple of decades.
The Natural Resources Defense Council acknowledges India’s efforts of positioning itself as one of the global leaders of clean energy. The country, due to its immense size and influence will play and important role in the climate negotiations from Paris at the end of this year.
Samir Saran, climate analyst at the Observer Research Foundations, said that if we take into account the country’s size and population, their ambitions are indeed ambitious. However, due to the country’s rapidly evolving economy, the 300 million citizens without electricity may soon benefit of it, which would make the job a lot harder for the officials.
India is currently trying to shift nearly 40% of their electricity to alternative sources such as solar power, biomass, hydro-power dams and wind.
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